What is marijuana?
Marijuana, which can also be called weed, pot, dope, or cannabis, is the dried flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. It contains mind-altering (e.g., psychoactive) compounds like tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, as well as other active compounds like cannabidiol, or CBD, that are not mind-altering.
How is marijuana used?
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There are many ways of using marijuana, and each one affects users differently. Marijuana can be rolled up and smoked like a cigarette (a joint) or a cigar (a blunt). Marijuana can also be smoked in a pipe. Sometimes people mix it in food and eat it or brew it as a tea (edibles). Smoking oils, concentrates, and extracts from the marijuana plant are on the rise. People who use this practice call it “dabbing.”Enter App Settings
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What determines how marijuana effects a person?
Like any other drug, marijuana’s effects on a person depends on a number of factors, including the person’s previous experience with the drug or other drugs, biology (e.g., genes), gender, how the drug is taken, and how strong it is.
Is marijuana medicine?
Is it possible for someone to become addicted to marijuana?
Yes, about 1 in 10 marijuana users will become addicted. For people who begin using younger than 18, that number rises to 1 in 6.1-3 For more information visit CDC’s section on addiction or the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s pages on addiction science.External
How do I know if I am addicted to marijuana?
What are the health risks of using marijuana?
For more on the health risks and effects of marijuana visit CDC’s web page on marijuana and health effects.
Is it possible to “overdose” or have a “bad reaction” to marijuana?
A fatal overdose is unlikely, but that doesn’t mean marijuana is harmless. The signs of using too much marijuana are similar to the typical effects of using marijuana but more severe. These signs may include extreme confusion, anxiety, paranoia, panic, fast heart rate, delusions or hallucinations, increased blood pressure, and severe nausea or vomiting. In some cases, these reactions can lead to unintentional injury such as a motor vehicle crash, fall, or poisoning.
What are the effects of mixing marijuana with alcohol, tobacco or prescription drugs?
How harmful is K2/Spice (synthetic marijuana or synthetic cannabinoids)?
Does marijuana use lead to other drug use?
The majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, “harder” substances.5 More research is needed to understand if marijuana is a “gateway drug” – a drug that is thought to lead to the use of more dangerous drugs (such as cocaine or heroin). For more on why visit risk of using other drugs.
Is it safe for a breastfeeding mom to use marijuana?
We do not yet know. Chemicals from marijuana can be passed to your baby through breast milk. THC is stored in fat and is slowly released over time, meaning that your baby could still be exposed even after you stop using marijuana. However, data on the effects of marijuana exposure to the infant or baby through breastfeeding are limited and conflicting. To limit potential risk to the infant, breastfeeding mothers should reduce or avoid marijuana use.
Can secondhand marijuana smoke affect nonsmokers, including children?
How is eating and drinking foods that contain marijuana (edibles) different from smoking marijuana?
It’s legal in many states, so doesn’t that mean marijuana is safe?
What is hashish?
Hashish is a cannabinoid, like marijuana. It consists of the THC-rich resinous material of the cannabis plant, which is collected, dried, and then compressed into a variety of forms, such as balls, cakes, or cookie-like sheets
What is hash oil?
Hash oil (also known as BHO, nectar, wax, full melt, honey, "dabs", or "budder"') is a form of cannabis. It is a resinous matrix of cannabinoids obtained from the Cannabis plant by solvent extraction, formed into a hardened or viscous mass
What is BHO?
BHO is also known as Butane Honey or Hashish Oil and is a potent form of hash oil. It is manufactured by extracting the active ingredient, THC, through the use of butane and is extremely dangerous. Explosions can easily occur when butane is near a flammable source.
What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?
Hemp and marijuana both come from the same species of plant—cannabis. However, hemp is generally harvested from a subspecies of the Cannabis genus, which, unlike marijuana, has virtually no psychoactive properties. Hemp varieties are grown for their seed, oil, and fiber, whereas marijuana is grown for medicinal, recreational, and spiritual purposes.
What are some other names for cannabis?
Cannabis is also known as marijuana, grass, pot, dope, Mary Jane, hooch, weed, hash, joints, brew, reefers, cones, smoke, mull, buddha, ganga, hydro, yarndi, heads and green.
How strong is marijuana?
The main ingredient in marijuana responsible for its psychoactive, or mood altering, effects is a cannabinoid called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or "THC" for short. In combination with other cannabinoids, the amount of THC in marijuana determines the strength of the effect of the drug. The level of THC in marijuana is not always the same. It can vary depending on the strain or variety of the plant, the way in which the plant is grown, the part of the plant that is used, and the way the plant is prepared for use and stored.
Has the potency of marijuana increased over the past several years?
Yes, the cannabis today is stronger than before. The potency has increased 2 to 7 times since the 1970s, as measured by THC levels.
What is a cannabinoid?
There are 480 natural components within the cannabis sativa plant, of which 66 are classified as “cannabinoids.” The effects of marijuana are moderated likely by cannabinoids. There are several subclasses of cannabinoids:
What do the cannabinoids do?
Cannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) in the brain and peripheral nervous system where they affect memory, cognition and psychomotor performance. See above for what symptoms cannabinoids cause.
What is the main difference between the cannabinoids?
o The main difference between the cannabinoids is the degree to which they cause psychoactive effects i.e. produce a high. Three classes of cannabinoids, the CBG, CBC, and CGD, are not known to cause a high or other psychoactive effects. THC, CBN, and CBDL are psychologically active to various degrees.
What are marijuana edibles?
Marijuana edibles are food items made with marijuana or marijuana oils, which can be used as an alternative to smoking or vaporizing marijuana.
Are there different types of marijuana edibles?
Medibles come in many different liquid forms and food types, including:
How should edibles be stored?
Medibles and their packages are often brightly colored and grab the attention of kids. They may look like candy, drinks or other types of foods to young children. It is extremely important to keep these products locked up and out of reach of children and pets.
Will ingesting marijuana affect someone differently than smoking it?
Yes. Unlike smoking marijuana, where the effects can be felt almost immediately, effects from medibles can:
Why do some medible products seem stronger than others?
The amount of THC can vary in marijuana edibles. This makes it harder to control how much THC is consumed. The amount of THC in homemade marijuana edibles can vary even more. Many users can be caught off-guard by the stronger potency and long-lasting effects of medibles.
What is the recommended dosage for edibles?
Washington’s definition of one edible dose is 10 mg. o Some edibles have more than one dose of THC and may come with directions to only consume part of the product. o Eating too much of an edible may produce unwanted health effects. o The effects of marijuana use of any kind can vary from person to person, and each person may have a different tolerance level. o Always read the dosing recommendations and know exactly how much THC is in the edible.